Frogs that become almost translucent when sleeping may hold the key to understanding humans blood clotting.
Glass frogs have been scientifically recognized for a long time, but how they become transparent has been a mystery.
A study published in a scientific journal chemistry Researchers have discovered that blood can pool in the body without being affected by clotting.
In the tropics, marshmallow-sized grass frogs spend their days napping on lush foliage.
Creatures disguise themselves on leaves and increase their opacity to 61% to avoid being noticed by predators.
“If you flip these frogs over, you can see their hearts beating, you can see through their skin, you can see their muscles,” said Jessie Delia, a researcher at the Museum of Natural History. Part is really transparent.”In New York, the United States said BBC news.
Now, research by Delia and Carlos Taboada of Duke University in the United States has revealed how glass frogs perform this incredibly unique task.
Scientists exposed animals to different wavelengths of light and measured their opacity when they were awake and asleep. They discovered that the creature’s blood pooled in its liver.
“They somehow pack most of the red blood cells into the liver so they are removed from the plasma. They are still circulating in the plasma.
The animal’s blood cells aggregate up to 89%, making the frog translucent. Frogs allow red blood cell recirculation and liver contraction when they want to resume activity at night for hunting or finding a mate.
According to Taboada, frogs can clot blood when needed, such as when they’re injured.
According to him, the creature’s “superpower” is its ability to selectively pool and clot blood, which could pave the way for a more comprehensive understanding of blood clotting.
Most animals experience blood clotting. This can be fatal and cause events such as heart attacks in humans. I am emphasizing